Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder, which means it involves hallucinosis or delusions. People with schizophrenia may also experience disturbances in thinking, behavior, and speech. Schizophrenia affects roughly 1% of adults worldwideTrusted Source .
Alcohol does not cause schizophrenia. However, some forms of alcohol use can lead to AIPD, a condition sometimes called alcohol-related psychosis or alcohol hallucinosis.
Some possible signs of alcohol or substance use problemsTrusted Source include:
Can't control how much they drink
often want to drink
Continuing to drink despite negative effects
Likes drinking more than other activities
Tried to quit drinking in the past but was unable to quit
Spend a lot of time drinking or recovering from the effects of alcohol
Problems with family, social, or work life due to alcoholism
Continue drinking in dangerous situations
Continue to drink even though alcohol can worsen their mood or memory
Drink more alcohol over time to feel the same effect
Withdrawal symptoms when not drinking, including:
If you suspect someone with schizophrenia may be abusing alcohol, it's important to remember that these signs are not definitive by themselves, and if you're approaching them, do so with empathy.
Self-medication: Some people with schizophrenia may use alcohol to try to relieve symptoms or side effects of prescription drugs.
Socioeconomic reasons: The study shows that having schizophrenia is associated with factors that may contribute to heavy drinking, such as poverty, cognitive problems, and impaired social functioning.
Genetic or trauma: Problems with the brain, such as damage or dysfunction of the brain's reward system, may predispose some people to schizophrenia and AUD.